Wines By Region

The word wine comes from the Old English win, which derives from the Proto-Germanic *winam which was an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, (which can mean either the `wine` or the `vine`), from Aeolic Greek Fοίνος, (woinos) and from earlier languages such as Hebrew יין (yayin).

Wine producing Regions

Wine grapes grow almost exclusively between thirty and fifty degrees north or south of the equator. The world`s most southerly vineyards are in the South Island of New Zealand near the 45th parallel. However, the world`s most northerly vineyard is Blaxsta Vingård in Flen, Sweden, just above the 59th parallel. As a rule, grapevines prefer a relatively long growing season of 100 days or more with warm daytime temperatures (not above 95°F/35°C) and cool nights (a difference of 40°F/23°C or more).

Wine exporting countries

The 14 largest export nations (2005 dates) – France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, the United States of America, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Croatia and Argentina. California produces about 90% of the wine in the United States. In 2000, Great Britain imported more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.

The leaders in export volume by market share in 2003 were:

* France, 22%
* Italy, 20%
* Spain, 16%
* Australia, 8%
* Chile, 6%
* United States, 5%
* Portugal, 4%
* Germany, 4%

Wine production by country 2005

Rank, Country, Production (tonnes)
1 France 5,329,449
2 Italy 5,056,648
3 Spain 3,934,140
4 United States 2,232,000
5 Argentina 1,564,000
6 China 1,300,000
7 Australia 1,274,000
8 South Africa 1,157,895
9 Germany 1,014,700
10 Chile 788,551

This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Region wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Chablis Malandes 2015

Typical expression of Chablis. Wonderful floral aromas of green apples and pears with a full crisp supple flavour expressing classic minerality from the special Kimmieridgeau soil. Balanced, round and elegant. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2015 Color: white Country: France Code: 82572

Chablis Malandes Vieilles Vignes Tour du Roy 06

The Marchives have a plot of 50 year old vines close to Grand Crû Vaudesir which they call 'Tour du Roy' With above average consentration and quality for its price this is a very fine typical minerally Chablis with just the slightest touch of oak to add complexity and a hint of citrus [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2006 Color: Country: France Region: Chablis Code: 68601

Chablis Vieille Vignes Tour du Roy 06

The Marchives have a plot of 50 year old vines close to Grand Cru Vaudesir which they named 'Tour du Roy' 50% of the wine is matured in French oak barrels and then blended with the unoaked 50%. The wine is profound and minerally in flavour with delicious fruit, expressive of the Kimmeridgien chalk terroir of the area. The very gentle oak adds a wonderful complexity. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2006 Color: white Country: France Code: 70748

Chablis,Grand Cru Moutonne 1997 Long-Depaquit

La Moutonne is the name used for wine from a 2. 35 hectare parcel of wine which forms part of Preuse and Vaudesir. 1996 vintage to follow. [read on...]


Vintage: 1997 Color: unspecifie Country: France Region: Chablis Code: 45891

Chacayes 2003 Malbec

During the mid 1990s Lurton planted a vineyard especially for the production of exceptional wines on the high plateaus of the Andes. The location had all the qualities Lurton was looking for; poor soil made up of gravel, sand and volcanic dust, a cool climate owing to the high altitude (over 3000 feet) and pure water for irrigation. They are now starting to reap the benefits of this exceptional investment. This wine is dark bright plum colour, showing lots of glycerine extract. The nose is immediately attractive with high quality oak scents mixed with ripe fruit. The aromas of black cherries and bitter chocolate are associated with low cropped Malbec. Fresh sweet and well integarated chocolate and roasted coffee bean flavours on the palate with good lively acidity balancing the richness of fruit. Long and spicy finish, with finely integrated oak and tight ripe tannins indicating a long life ahead. A truly great wine. [read on...]


A B V: 14.5% Vintage: 2003 Color: red Country: Argentina Region: Mendoza Code: 66151

Chardonnay Terre d Amandier 11

A delicious Chardonnay produced from a greatly restricted harvest of selected vineyard parcels and which is partially matured in oak. It has rich, creamy aromas with a hint of oak and praline. The flavour has traces of honey, acacia flowers and a subtle elegance. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2010 Color: white Country: France Code: 77777

Chateau Larrivet Haut-Brion,Blanc Pessac 1995

A superb white Graves from a fine vintage which was fermented in cask to give an extra dimension to the flavour. The blend is 60% Sauvignon, 35% Semillon and 5% Muscat. 1996 vintage to follow. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 1995 Color: white Country: France Region: Bordeaux Code: 45657

Chateau Vieuz Parc L

Picking the grapes at the coolest time of the day, de-stemming, followed by temperature controlled fermentation, has produced a delicious white Corbieres, pale yellow with green hues, an aromatic nose and a floral fruity, crisp, fresh supple well balanced flavour. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2014 Color: white Country: France Code: 81581

Château Croix Beausejour Montagne 2010

This vintage follows the excellent 2008 and has turned out to be a truly magnificent year and will continue to give great pleasure until 2020. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2010 Color: red Code: 79870

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