Wines By Region

The word wine comes from the Old English win, which derives from the Proto-Germanic *winam which was an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, (which can mean either the `wine` or the `vine`), from Aeolic Greek Fοίνος, (woinos) and from earlier languages such as Hebrew יין (yayin).

Wine producing Regions

Wine grapes grow almost exclusively between thirty and fifty degrees north or south of the equator. The world`s most southerly vineyards are in the South Island of New Zealand near the 45th parallel. However, the world`s most northerly vineyard is Blaxsta Vingård in Flen, Sweden, just above the 59th parallel. As a rule, grapevines prefer a relatively long growing season of 100 days or more with warm daytime temperatures (not above 95°F/35°C) and cool nights (a difference of 40°F/23°C or more).

Wine exporting countries

The 14 largest export nations (2005 dates) – France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, the United States of America, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Croatia and Argentina. California produces about 90% of the wine in the United States. In 2000, Great Britain imported more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.

The leaders in export volume by market share in 2003 were:

* France, 22%
* Italy, 20%
* Spain, 16%
* Australia, 8%
* Chile, 6%
* United States, 5%
* Portugal, 4%
* Germany, 4%

Wine production by country 2005

Rank, Country, Production (tonnes)
1 France 5,329,449
2 Italy 5,056,648
3 Spain 3,934,140
4 United States 2,232,000
5 Argentina 1,564,000
6 China 1,300,000
7 Australia 1,274,000
8 South Africa 1,157,895
9 Germany 1,014,700
10 Chile 788,551

This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Region wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Rasteau Vin Doux Naturel Dore

Delicate shades of amber, aromas of dried fruit and warm spices, quince, apricots and honey with beautifully balanced melt-in-the-mouth long lasting flavours. [read on...]


A B V: 16.5% Vintage: non-vintag Color: white Country: France Region: Rhone Code: 75560

Rasteau Vin Doux Naturel Siguature 2007

Ruby red streaked with mahogany and a subtle mix of roast cocoa beans, very ripe fruit and spices in a delicate well-balanced wine which is fresh and complex with a long velvety finish. [read on...]


A B V: 16.5% Vintage: 2007 Color: red Code: 75552

Recioto della Valpolicella 2009 50cl

A stunning, rich cherry chocolaty red from Veronain north east Italy. Grapes are picked late in the vintage, starting to turn to raisins. They are further dried on racks for up to 6 months and the wine is made as late as January or February the following year. Fermentation stops early leaving a big, powerfully, raisiny sweet red. [read on...]


Vintage: 2009 Color: red Country: France Code: 77047

Richemonts Chardonnay 15

A really delicious inexpensive unoaked Chardonnay which is veratile and will appeal to a wide spectrum of palates. Well rounded with flavours of citrus, apricots and yellow peaches. This will go easily as an aperitif or with food, such as fish and white meats with sauces. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2015 Color: white Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 82381

Richmonts Grenache Rosé 2016

Delicate pale pink rose showing classic attractive strawberry flavours and style that is characteristics of Grenache Noir. Charming and very well balanced. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2016 Color: rose Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 84536

Richmonts Sauvignon Blanc 16

An outstanding example of southern French Sauvignon with plenty of citrus and gooseberry fruit flavours. Bright, refreshing and perfect to enjoy by the glass and pairs well with fish and shellfish. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2016 Color: white Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 83893

Rubis Rouge DS Methode Champeniois NV

A rare red sparkling demi-sec from the Loire, produced by the Champagne method from Grolleau and Cabernet Franc grapes. It has a strong purple robe fine delicate bubbles, a bouquet of red and black fruits with a complex well rounded flavour. Ideal as an aperitif for those who prefer a sweeter wine or to accompany desserts, especially chocolate gateaux or fresh fruit salad. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: non-vintag Color: red Country: France Region: Loire-Atlantique Code: 82250

Saint Albert du Pacherenc du Vic Bilh 2001

Wonderfully rich and intense bouquet of exotic fruits and citrus with a hint of honey, vanilla and sweet almonds. Luscious rich sweet flavour (fruit salad) with zingy acidity on the farewell without the cloying of many sweet wines. A great vintage and good alternative to Sauternes. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2001 Color: Country: France Region: Gascony Code: 55760

Saint Véran 2012 Senaillet

[read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2012 Color: white Country: France Code: 80418

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