Wines By Region

The word wine comes from the Old English win, which derives from the Proto-Germanic *winam which was an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, (which can mean either the `wine` or the `vine`), from Aeolic Greek Fοίνος, (woinos) and from earlier languages such as Hebrew יין (yayin).

Wine producing Regions


Wine grapes grow almost exclusively between thirty and fifty degrees north or south of the equator. The world`s most southerly vineyards are in the South Island of New Zealand near the 45th parallel. However, the world`s most northerly vineyard is Blaxsta Vingård in Flen, Sweden, just above the 59th parallel. As a rule, grapevines prefer a relatively long growing season of 100 days or more with warm daytime temperatures (not above 95°F/35°C) and cool nights (a difference of 40°F/23°C or more).

Wine exporting countries


The 14 largest export nations (2005 dates) – France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, the United States of America, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Croatia and Argentina. California produces about 90% of the wine in the United States. In 2000, Great Britain imported more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.

The leaders in export volume by market share in 2003 were:

* France, 22%
* Italy, 20%
* Spain, 16%
* Australia, 8%
* Chile, 6%
* United States, 5%
* Portugal, 4%
* Germany, 4%

Wine production by country 2005


Rank, Country, Production (tonnes)
1 France 5,329,449
2 Italy 5,056,648
3 Spain 3,934,140
4 United States 2,232,000
5 Argentina 1,564,000
6 China 1,300,000
7 Australia 1,274,000
8 South Africa 1,157,895
9 Germany 1,014,700
10 Chile 788,551


This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Region wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Springfield Special Cuvee Sauv. Blanc 16

This superb dry wine, produced from two pickings, one in the earlier harvest and anothr slightly later, from 27 year old vines grown on the best sandy alluvial soil in the estate's prime Riverine site. Treated tenderly in the cellar with minimal intervention, the full epression of the terroir has been allowed to develop. The resultant wine is a complex sensuous combinatuon of passionfruit, stone fruits, nettles and minerality with a full mouthfeel and stylish length. A superb wine from a magnificent estate that consistently produces the finest South African Sauvignon Blanc year after year. [read on...]


£11.50  

A B V: 13% Vintage: 2016 Color: white Country: South Africa Code: 82677

Springfield Special Cuvee Sauvignon 2004

A slightly fuller style of Sauvignon from one of South Africa’s top producers. The palate displays a medium body, with lemon, gooseberry and fig, there is a delicious ripe acidity giving balance to the wine and nice length on the finish. [read on...]


£8.80  

A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2004 Color: unspecifie Country: South Africa Region: Overberg Code: 62294

Springfield Wholeberry Cab. Sauv. 2011 half Litre

In the time of our ancestors grapes were harvested by hand, carried to the cellars in baskets and placed uncrushed into open tanks to ferment with natural (wild) yeasts into wine. This lost tradition has been re-enacted to produce Springfield Whole Berry. No pumps, no crushers and matured in French oak barrels fo one year. The result is a velvety wine with softer tannins and classical varietal characteristics. It is unfined and unfiltered so a deposit may result. The bottle may need decnting. [read on...]


£8.30  

A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2011 Color: red Country: South Africa Region: Western Cape Code: 78507

Steytler Vision 2003

One of the two Kaapzicht flagship wines. Blockbuster of a wine but manages great elegance and finesse too. Made from a blend of Pinotage and Cabernet Sauvignon, it has a dark brooding color and a richly concentrated, massive underlying structure, discreetly cloaked in dark berried fruit and silky tannins. An exceptional wine that will from repay keeping to at least 2015. [read on...]


£29.00  

A B V: 14.5% Vintage: 2003 Color: red Country: South Africa Region: Stellenbosch Code: 64240

Syrah Les Classiques 14

Garnet red with violet reflections. Classic Syrah style with notes of black fruits, white pepper and liquorice. It has good fruit in the flavour with refreshing tannins. [read on...]


£6.90  

A B V: 12% Vintage: 2014 Color: red Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 82416

Terre de Murier Merlot 2015

This Merlot is harvested at full maturity from vines grown on clay-limestone and marls soil. The grapes go through an 18-20 day maceration. After a soft press of the berries the wine is matured in oak vats to let the natural complexity of the terroir reveal itself. The wine offers an expressive nose of liquorice, candied fruits with a hint of vanilla, blackcurrant and spices which transcends to the flavour to blend with smooth, silky tannins. [read on...]


£9.90  

A B V: 14.5% Vintage: 2015 Color: red Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 84822

The Foundry Grenache Blanc

The Foundry is a small winery dedicated to producing wines of outstanding quality, purity and authenticity, as this absolute gem bears out. It expresses the small but concentrated crop of grapes harvested in ideal weather conditions experienced in 2010. The perfectly ripe fruit was hand picked before undergoing fermentation in quality French oak casks. where it remained for 7 months before bottling. This excellent vintage has produced floral aromas with hints of lemon cream and white stone fruit. The palate rich with focused pure fruit minerally mid-palate and a long finish with a citrus tang. Awarded a maximum 5* by prestigious Platter in South Africa. Ideal with scallops,Asian and Thai food and fish other than shell-fish. [read on...]


£12.70  

A B V: 14% Vintage: 2010 Color: white Country: South Africa Code: 74970

The Islander Chardonnay 2008

[read on...]


£10.50  

A B V: 14.5% Vintage: 2006 Color: white Country: Australia Region: South Australia Code: 73085

The Old Mans Sparkling Blush N V

Made by the traditional Champagne methods of bottle fermentation, it is produced from an interesting grape blend of 20% Chardonnay and 80% Pinot Noir. After disgorging and dosage the wine is matured in bottle for a further two years. This time honoured process produces a classic yeasty biscuit flavour. [read on...]


£10.35  

A B V: 11.5% Vintage: non-vintag Color: unspecifie Code: 77333

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