Wines By Region

The word wine comes from the Old English win, which derives from the Proto-Germanic *winam which was an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, (which can mean either the `wine` or the `vine`), from Aeolic Greek Fοίνος, (woinos) and from earlier languages such as Hebrew יין (yayin).

Wine producing Regions

Wine grapes grow almost exclusively between thirty and fifty degrees north or south of the equator. The world`s most southerly vineyards are in the South Island of New Zealand near the 45th parallel. However, the world`s most northerly vineyard is Blaxsta Vingård in Flen, Sweden, just above the 59th parallel. As a rule, grapevines prefer a relatively long growing season of 100 days or more with warm daytime temperatures (not above 95°F/35°C) and cool nights (a difference of 40°F/23°C or more).

Wine exporting countries

The 14 largest export nations (2005 dates) – France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, the United States of America, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Croatia and Argentina. California produces about 90% of the wine in the United States. In 2000, Great Britain imported more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.

The leaders in export volume by market share in 2003 were:

* France, 22%
* Italy, 20%
* Spain, 16%
* Australia, 8%
* Chile, 6%
* United States, 5%
* Portugal, 4%
* Germany, 4%

Wine production by country 2005

Rank, Country, Production (tonnes)
1 France 5,329,449
2 Italy 5,056,648
3 Spain 3,934,140
4 United States 2,232,000
5 Argentina 1,564,000
6 China 1,300,000
7 Australia 1,274,000
8 South Africa 1,157,895
9 Germany 1,014,700
10 Chile 788,551

This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Region wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Kawin Sauvignon Blanc 2016

The grapes are sourced from vineyards in Lolol, Casablanca and Curio - most come from the Lurton estate in Lolol - and all are vinified in the Lurton Alempue winery. Bright pale colour with green highlights the bouquet has marked citrus aromas and fresh fruit. The flavour is full of fresh, young exotic fruits, balanced by a delicious crispness and clean finish. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2016 Color: white Country: Chile Code: 85266

Koelenbosch Shiraz 2015

Produced from carefully selected grapes grown in the famous Stellenbosch area, this wine has a good deep colour with a complex nose of mint, dark cherries with hints of spiciness. The flavour has plush fruit of dark cherries, hint of wild strawberries with a subtle hint of oak to add complexity and width. [read on...]


A B V: 14% Vintage: 2015 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 84431

Koelenhof Koelenbosch Merlot 2013

Ripe plums and eucalyptus on the nose follows onto the palate to marry seductively with sweet prunes, milk chocolate and fruitcake sweetness bound by fine acidity and well judged oak. Bottle age has allowed the wine to develop its big early potential. [read on...]


A B V: 14% Vintage: 2013 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 84136

Koelenhof Koelenbosch Pinotage 2009

The Pinotage vine was created in Stellenbosch in 1924 by crossing Pinot Noir with Cinsaut which used to be called Hermitage - hence the name Pinotage. This vintage is excellent. Vibrant red colour with creamy butterscotch, plum, bramble, black cherries, ripe raspberries and a hint of spice on the nose. The butterscotch follows through onto the palate with rich cherry and mulberry flavours and a hint of spice on the farewell. Chosen as TOP 20 PINOTAGE in South Africa 2010. [read on...]


A B V: 14% Vintage: 2009 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 77403

Koelenhof Koelenbosch Sangiovese 2015

This Italian grape used to produce Chianti is now being grown with great success in South Africa. Medium bodied it offers pleasant aromas with hints of strawberries, blackberries, vanilla and spice. On the palate it displays a vibrant combination of strawberry, blackcurrant and black cherry flavours with well balanced tannins and just a hint of oak. [read on...]


A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2015 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 84128

Koelenhof Sparkling Sauvignon Sec 2016

A delightful sparkler with a bouquet of tropical fruit flavours, especially passion fruit and melon. The palate is refreshing and lingering with a peach, pear and passion fruit finish. [read on...]


A B V: 11.5% Vintage: 2016 Color: white Country: South Africa Code: 84162

Kraft Sauvignon Blanc 2005

The grapes for this popular fine Australian Sauvignon Blanc are always sourced from Dennis and Val Kraft's vineyard at Tanunda, which are over 20 years old and consistently produce excellent well-balanced wines with defined vatietal characteristics. Pale straw in colour with intense aromas of pineapple and passionfruit, slightly floral. The palate is round yet refined with crisp flavours of grapefruit and tropical fruits and subtle green herbaceous notes and refreshing acidity. [read on...]


A B V: 12% Vintage: 2005 Color: Country: Australia Code: 62442

Les Hauts de Janiel Grenache-Sauv. 2012

The vineyards from which the grapes are harvested to produce this fascinating wine are located on the hillsides belonging to Minervois AOC, near Carcassone. It is made from 80% Grenache Blanc and 20% Sauvignon Blanc. The Grenache gives an exotic expression of ripe apricot and a touch of spice to the crisp more citrus fruit nots of flowers, truffles, brioche and oak. The flavour i well balanced with plenty of volume, but also a hint of acidity on the finish, giving the wine good length. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2012 Color: white Country: France Code: 79714

Les Terrasses Red 2016

A perfect blend of Merlot and Syrah, this great value red wine offers red fruit aromas of strawberries and raspberries. Round in the mouth, its fruit forward red fruits flavour abounds supported by soft polished tannins. [read on...]


A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2016 Color: red Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 84736

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