Wines By Region

The word wine comes from the Old English win, which derives from the Proto-Germanic *winam which was an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, (which can mean either the `wine` or the `vine`), from Aeolic Greek Fοίνος, (woinos) and from earlier languages such as Hebrew יין (yayin).

Wine producing Regions

Wine grapes grow almost exclusively between thirty and fifty degrees north or south of the equator. The world`s most southerly vineyards are in the South Island of New Zealand near the 45th parallel. However, the world`s most northerly vineyard is Blaxsta Vingård in Flen, Sweden, just above the 59th parallel. As a rule, grapevines prefer a relatively long growing season of 100 days or more with warm daytime temperatures (not above 95°F/35°C) and cool nights (a difference of 40°F/23°C or more).

Wine exporting countries

The 14 largest export nations (2005 dates) – France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, the United States of America, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Croatia and Argentina. California produces about 90% of the wine in the United States. In 2000, Great Britain imported more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.

The leaders in export volume by market share in 2003 were:

* France, 22%
* Italy, 20%
* Spain, 16%
* Australia, 8%
* Chile, 6%
* United States, 5%
* Portugal, 4%
* Germany, 4%

Wine production by country 2005

Rank, Country, Production (tonnes)
1 France 5,329,449
2 Italy 5,056,648
3 Spain 3,934,140
4 United States 2,232,000
5 Argentina 1,564,000
6 China 1,300,000
7 Australia 1,274,000
8 South Africa 1,157,895
9 Germany 1,014,700
10 Chile 788,551

This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Region wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Pouilly Fumé Kriotine 2015

The Blanc Fume or Sauvignon grape is sensitive to fluctuations such as climate, altitude and particulary the soil on which the vines grow. The understones of this outstanding Pouilly Fume (Cuvee Kriotine) was grown on limestone soil and has a strong mineral character, vivacious with intense citrus and grapefruit aromas and a subtle hint of jasmine. On the palate the characteristic smoky minerality is complemented by rich exotic fruit flavours, a vibrant refreshing acidity with a long complex and richly textured finish. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2015 Color: white Country: France Region: Loire-Atlantique Code: 82147

Pouilly Fume Silice 2015

The Blanc Fume or Sauvignon grape is sensitive to fluctuations such as climate, altitude and particularly the soil on which the vines grow. This Cuvee Salic is produced from vines grown on flint stone on the highest part of the Blanchet domaine and embraces minerality in the bouquet followed on to the palate with a background of citrus and classic gunflint. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2015 Color: white Country: France Region: Loire-Atlantique Code: 82164

Protos Gran Reserva 2001

Round and velvety in the mouth, it has the mildness characteristic of its category. Its after taste is elegant, leaving you a memory that won't be easy to forget. [read on...]


Vintage: 2001 Color: red Code: 73354

Protos Gran Reserva 2009

Someone referred to this wine as a 'little gem'. Gem certainly but little not. Grapes produced from 60 year old vines, 24 months in cask and at least a further 36 month in bottle before being released has produced a deep black cherry colour, a bouquet of black fruits (cherry, mulberry, cassis) with appealing toasted tones, and comple elegant bouquet. The ageing in cask and bottle has given the mouthfeel a velvety sensation with a long aftertaste. [read on...]


A B V: 14.5% Vintage: 2009 Color: red Country: Spain Code: 81260

Prunier Liqueur d Orange au Cognac Bot 40pc

[read on...]


A B V: 40% Vintage: non-vintag Color: unspecifie Country: France Code: 79036

Raka Biography 2013

This is one of Raka's signature wines and special it certainly is. Matured in a mixture of both French and American oak with just a smidgen of Viognier and Mouvedre blended in has added great complexity. Spicy and savoury aromas abound ith a rich, elegant full complex palate of peppers, herbs, Christmas pudding and a well rounded elegant finish. Impressively complex and restrained [read on...]


A B V: 14% Vintage: 2013 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 84397

Raka Cabernet Franc 2015

The South African Cape wine region shows a particularly good aptitude for Cabernet Franc and this is an especially good example. It grabs attention with intense blackcurrant & herbaceous hints and delicate floral notes. Poised and full bodied with the black fruits and herbaceous flavours, a touch of coffee, completed with a gripping finish. [read on...]


A B V: 14% Vintage: 2015 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 84389

Raka Malbec 2015

Matured in French oak barrles (25% new) has produced rich fruit flavours of plums and dark berries on the nose with spicy hints. The flavour shows freshness with touches of cherries,dark berries and a brush of coffee beautifully bound by juicy silky tannins, lovely acidity and a smoky finish. Really super. [read on...]


A B V: 14% Vintage: 2015 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 84370

Raka Sangiovese 2014

The juice from hand picked and hand sorted grapes was fermented over five days and then matured in French and Hungarian oak barrels. The nose shows freshness with nuances of sun dried tomatoes, red peppers and a hint of spice (cloves). The palate has big, ripe, juicy fruit and a lovely soft tannin structure with spicy tones and an appealing farewell. Utterly delicious. [read on...]


A B V: 14% Vintage: 2014 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 84362

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