Wines By Region

The word wine comes from the Old English win, which derives from the Proto-Germanic *winam which was an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, (which can mean either the `wine` or the `vine`), from Aeolic Greek Fοίνος, (woinos) and from earlier languages such as Hebrew יין (yayin).

Wine producing Regions

Wine grapes grow almost exclusively between thirty and fifty degrees north or south of the equator. The world`s most southerly vineyards are in the South Island of New Zealand near the 45th parallel. However, the world`s most northerly vineyard is Blaxsta Vingård in Flen, Sweden, just above the 59th parallel. As a rule, grapevines prefer a relatively long growing season of 100 days or more with warm daytime temperatures (not above 95°F/35°C) and cool nights (a difference of 40°F/23°C or more).

Wine exporting countries

The 14 largest export nations (2005 dates) – France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, the United States of America, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Croatia and Argentina. California produces about 90% of the wine in the United States. In 2000, Great Britain imported more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.

The leaders in export volume by market share in 2003 were:

* France, 22%
* Italy, 20%
* Spain, 16%
* Australia, 8%
* Chile, 6%
* United States, 5%
* Portugal, 4%
* Germany, 4%

Wine production by country 2005

Rank, Country, Production (tonnes)
1 France 5,329,449
2 Italy 5,056,648
3 Spain 3,934,140
4 United States 2,232,000
5 Argentina 1,564,000
6 China 1,300,000
7 Australia 1,274,000
8 South Africa 1,157,895
9 Germany 1,014,700
10 Chile 788,551

This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Region wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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Petnat Rosé Petillant Natural Sparkling

The production of this unusual unique pink bubbly needs som explanation. Produced from 80% Gamay & 20% Grolleau picked in the cool early hours of the morning to protect the quality & fruit. The grapes are kept on the juice at 5C for 10 days after which the juice is run off & yeast added to start the fermentation, which is slow to protect the fruit. After partial fermentation the wine is bottles into champagne type bottles where the fermentation is continues to 8% when the pressure in the bottle reaches 8 bar, where the process is naturally arrested leaving a natural residual sweetness. The wine then lies on the lees until March when the bottles are emptied into tank under seeb bar of pressure preserving the precious bubbles. It is then filted under pressure & refilled. It has a beautiful pale pink colour, an excellent fine mousse & a most attractive fruity flavour of stawberries, soft red fruits & a delicious crispness with only 8% alcohol. [read on...]


A B V: 8.5% Vintage: non-vintag Color: rose Country: France Code: 74240

Picpoul de Pinet Guillemarine 2017

Until recently Picpoul de Pinet was little known outside of France despite substantial vineyards in the Languedoc. This wine is a classic example - fine, fruity, crisp and dry with notes of white flowers, white peaches, tropical fruits and minerally lemon-grapefruit on th finish. Excellent with seafood, brilliant with moules frites! [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2017 Color: white Country: France Code: 85682

Picpoul de Pinet Montredon 2017

Classic style, brilliant and showing elegance with a cocktail of exotic fruits - pineapple, mango and passion fruit. Rich aromatic and persistent flavours, round delicate and silky. Hachette *** [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2017 Color: white Country: France Region: Ain Code: 85674

Picpoul de Pinet Reine Juliette 2017

Delicious mineral flavour, big fruit, fresh, creamy and dense. Melon, pear, white flowers, saltiness from sea influence and cris. Good with sea food, especially shellfish, oyster and moules, with the extra bonus of being low in alcohol. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2017 Color: white Country: France Code: 85691

Pol Roger Brut NV

Brut Reserve is fine and elegant with a certain character thanks to the technique of cold settling. This method, which is the most natural one, makes it possible to develop the most sensitive floral aromas. The result is a Champagne of fine richness, full-bodied as a result of the Pinot Noir and smooth and light thanks to the Chardonnay. Elegant with a fine mousse. [read on...]


A B V: 12% Vintage: non-vintag Color: unspecifie Country: France Region: Champagne Code: 34770

Pol Roger Cuvee Winston Churchill 98

Pol Roger is inexplicably linked to Sir Winston Churchill. He was captivated by Odette Pol Roger's wit, charm and intelligence in November 1944 when he met her at a British Embassy luncheon. When Churchill died in 1965 Pol Roger placed a black border around the label of the White Foil shipped to England and in 1984 the firm launched CuvSir Winston Churchill one of the best cuvèes in modern times and is the greatest champagnes available today. At first the nose is overt and generous with hints of tobacco, fresh butter and nuts. As it evolves the wines strong personality asserts itself. The initial freshness gives way to an impression Food of power and vigour with heady notes of violet, liquorice, wood,l. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 1998 Color: white Country: France Code: 71321

Pommard Clos des Epenots 1er Cru 97 Meursau

A splendid wine. Although young the style is soft and `feminine`, finely balanced and giving pleasure now although it will improve with keeping over the next 5-10 years. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 1997 Color: unspecifie Country: France Region: Beaune Code: 44719

Pommard Les Riottes 2009

The Rottes vineyard is situated near Chateau de Pommard, being exposed to south east and the wines regularly recieve top awards for outstanding quality. This vintage is no exception. Red with violet reflections, the bouquet has floral notes with hints of fruits and red cherries. Masculine in structure, it offers wonderful fruits on the flavour with a strong thread of soft ripe tannins. Elegant and long farewell. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2009 Color: red Country: France Code: 76586

Pouilly Fuisse Clos Reyssier 2014

A classic from a specific vineyard parcel. Its bouquet is compex with hint of vanilla and scents of white flowers and ripe comice pears. The flavour is subtle, ample and fleshy and full of fruit with a lick of lemon. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2014 Color: white Country: France Code: 83659

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