Wines By Region

The word wine comes from the Old English win, which derives from the Proto-Germanic *winam which was an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, (which can mean either the `wine` or the `vine`), from Aeolic Greek Fοίνος, (woinos) and from earlier languages such as Hebrew יין (yayin).

Wine producing Regions


Wine grapes grow almost exclusively between thirty and fifty degrees north or south of the equator. The world`s most southerly vineyards are in the South Island of New Zealand near the 45th parallel. However, the world`s most northerly vineyard is Blaxsta Vingård in Flen, Sweden, just above the 59th parallel. As a rule, grapevines prefer a relatively long growing season of 100 days or more with warm daytime temperatures (not above 95°F/35°C) and cool nights (a difference of 40°F/23°C or more).

Wine exporting countries


The 14 largest export nations (2005 dates) – France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, the United States of America, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Croatia and Argentina. California produces about 90% of the wine in the United States. In 2000, Great Britain imported more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.

The leaders in export volume by market share in 2003 were:

* France, 22%
* Italy, 20%
* Spain, 16%
* Australia, 8%
* Chile, 6%
* United States, 5%
* Portugal, 4%
* Germany, 4%

Wine production by country 2005


Rank, Country, Production (tonnes)
1 France 5,329,449
2 Italy 5,056,648
3 Spain 3,934,140
4 United States 2,232,000
5 Argentina 1,564,000
6 China 1,300,000
7 Australia 1,274,000
8 South Africa 1,157,895
9 Germany 1,014,700
10 Chile 788,551


This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Region wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Donjon La Galinière Coteaux de Peyriac 2013

There are not too many wines produced from pure Carignan. This is a racy example. Fruity nose with notes of spic, especially cinnamon, lush fruits of cherry red berries and cranberries on the palate. An harmonious well structured wine. [read on...]


£6.50  

A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2013 Color: red Country: France Code: 81520

Dorsheimer Pittermn Riesling Kab Halbtrocken 97

A wine of great interest. Well rounded, elegant, silky fruit and a dry/ sweet balance to please both dry and medium dry wine enthusiasts. [read on...]


£5.00  

A B V: 10% Vintage: 1997 Color: Country: Germany Region: Rhine Code: 41251

Dry Sack Fino 75cl

Very dry, very slightly savoury, a little acidity, clean with pungent flor flavours; sourdough, almond, and really quite bitter with a certain tang. [read on...]


£11.95  

A B V: 15% Vintage: non-vintag Color: unspecifie Country: Portugal Code: 79114

Elgin Vignier 2009

Elgin Vintners is a small group of wine estates who have grouped together to produce and sell their wines, each estate specializing in a seperate grape variety. Elgin is the centre of the apple growing region in the Cape where Appletizer was first produced and the cool climate is perfect for producing excellent Viognier white wine. Pale gold colour with an exotic fruity bouquet of apricots and white peaches. The flavour is rich and full in the mouth with delicious complexity a lime and citrus freshness with a very gentle discreet broading of flavours because of a brief sojourn in French oak. The farewell is balanced, crisp and long. Perfect with sushi, Thai food, spicy dishes and chicken with lemon sauce. [read on...]


£11.80  

A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2009 Color: white Country: South Africa Code: 74988

Faugeres Valentine Duc 2014

Made from Carignan, Grenache and Syrah grapes and vinified in traditional concrete vats, it has a fine deep purple colour, dark berries, mainly blackcurrants, on the nose which follow in the mouth, blending well with soft tannins, intense fruit and mineral notes. Great value. [read on...]


£8.15  

A B V: 13% Vintage: 2014 Color: red Country: France Code: 83293

Fleurie 2013 Nugues

A fine Fleurie produced from hand picked grapes on 45 year old Gamay vines. Considered the most feminine of the 10 Beaujolais Grand Cru, it has a classic brilliant purple robe and silky textured flavour, full of floral racy red fruits. Lingering tannins with a lick of spice grace the farewell. [read on...]


£14.85  

A B V: 13% Vintage: 2013 Color: red Country: France Code: 82641

Freixinet Brut Rose NV Spain

[read on...]


£9.15  

A B V: 12% Vintage: non-vintag Color: unspecifie Country: Spain Region: Barcelona Code: 27

Fumees Blanches Sauvignon Blanc 2016

A hugely popular Sauvignon Blanc produced in South West France. Successive vintages have received a clutch of awards confirming consistent top quality. This latest gem is no exception with aromatic purity and a delicious crisp- ness in a flavour packed with fruit, and a long finish. Perfect as an aperitif or with fish and shell-fish. [read on...]


£9.50  

A B V: 11.5% Vintage: 2016 Color: white Country: France Code: 83867

Gamay Touraine, La Sainte Marguerite 2015

Loire Gamay style makes an excellent red wine for summer drinking. Classic purple robe colour, the bouquet is complex with attractive nuances of blackcurrant, raspberry, violets and notes of rose. Red fruits, especially blackcurrant and mulberry dominate a rounded silky svelte palate. The 2014 was awarded top honours in Hachette. We awaited the verdict on this young wine with bated breath! [read on...]


£10.20  

A B V: 12% Vintage: 2015 Color: red Country: France Region: Loire-Atlantique Code: 83137

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