Wines By Region

The word wine comes from the Old English win, which derives from the Proto-Germanic *winam which was an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, (which can mean either the `wine` or the `vine`), from Aeolic Greek Fοίνος, (woinos) and from earlier languages such as Hebrew יין (yayin).

Wine producing Regions


Wine grapes grow almost exclusively between thirty and fifty degrees north or south of the equator. The world`s most southerly vineyards are in the South Island of New Zealand near the 45th parallel. However, the world`s most northerly vineyard is Blaxsta Vingård in Flen, Sweden, just above the 59th parallel. As a rule, grapevines prefer a relatively long growing season of 100 days or more with warm daytime temperatures (not above 95°F/35°C) and cool nights (a difference of 40°F/23°C or more).

Wine exporting countries


The 14 largest export nations (2005 dates) – France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Chile, the United States of America, Germany, South Africa, Portugal, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Croatia and Argentina. California produces about 90% of the wine in the United States. In 2000, Great Britain imported more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.

The leaders in export volume by market share in 2003 were:

* France, 22%
* Italy, 20%
* Spain, 16%
* Australia, 8%
* Chile, 6%
* United States, 5%
* Portugal, 4%
* Germany, 4%

Wine production by country 2005


Rank, Country, Production (tonnes)
1 France 5,329,449
2 Italy 5,056,648
3 Spain 3,934,140
4 United States 2,232,000
5 Argentina 1,564,000
6 China 1,300,000
7 Australia 1,274,000
8 South Africa 1,157,895
9 Germany 1,014,700
10 Chile 788,551


This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Region wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Kaapzicht Pinotage 2007

Kaapzicht is without doubt one of the top producers of pinotage. South Africa's national grape. The vine was created in stellenbosch in 1924 by crossing the Pinot Noir with Cinsault which used to be called Hermitage, hense the name. Sweet ripe pure-fruited aromas of plum, bramble and black cherries follow onto the palate to add to rasperry and mulberry flavours. Some soft very well intregrated French oak spice and vanilla adds to its complexity. [read on...]


£11.70  

A B V: 14,5% Vintage: 2007 Color: red Country: South Africa Region: Western Cape Code: 74788

Koelenbosch Shiraz 2015

Produced from carefully selected grapes grown in the famous Stellenbosch area, this wine has a good deep colour with a complex nose of mint, dark cherries with hints of spiciness. The flavour has plush fruit of dark cherries, hint of wild strawberries with a subtle hint of oak to add complexity and width. [read on...]


£9.00  

A B V: 14% Vintage: 2015 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 84431

Koelenhof Koelenbosch Pinotage 2009

The Pinotage vine was created in Stellenbosch in 1924 by crossing Pinot Noir with Cinsaut which used to be called Hermitage - hence the name Pinotage. This vintage is excellent. Vibrant red colour with creamy butterscotch, plum, bramble, black cherries, ripe raspberries and a hint of spice on the nose. The butterscotch follows through onto the palate with rich cherry and mulberry flavours and a hint of spice on the farewell. Chosen as TOP 20 PINOTAGE in South Africa 2010. [read on...]


£10.15  

A B V: 14% Vintage: 2009 Color: red Country: South Africa Code: 77403

Koelenhof Sparkling Sauvignon Sec 2016

A delightful sparkler with a bouquet of tropical fruit flavours, especially passion fruit and melon. The palate is refreshing and lingering with a peach, pear and passion fruit finish. [read on...]


£8.05  

A B V: 11.5% Vintage: 2016 Color: white Country: South Africa Code: 84162

Les Hauts de Janiel Grenache-Sauv. 2012

The vineyards from which the grapes are harvested to produce this fascinating wine are located on the hillsides belonging to Minervois AOC, near Carcassone. It is made from 80% Grenache Blanc and 20% Sauvignon Blanc. The Grenache gives an exotic expression of ripe apricot and a touch of spice to the crisp more citrus fruit nots of flowers, truffles, brioche and oak. The flavour i well balanced with plenty of volume, but also a hint of acidity on the finish, giving the wine good length. [read on...]


£7.75  

A B V: 13% Vintage: 2012 Color: white Country: France Code: 79714

Les Terrasses Red 2016

A perfect blend of Merlot and Syrah, this great value red wine offers red fruit aromas of strawberries and raspberries. Round in the mouth, its fruit forward red fruits flavour abounds supported by soft polished tannins. [read on...]


£7.80  

A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2016 Color: red Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 84736

Les Terrasses White 2010

This easy drinking wine has a citrus bouquet with a delicious crisp fruity flavour and a fresh clean finish. [read on...]


£5.75  

A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2010 Color: white Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 76326

Libertine des Nugues Gamay Rose

Made from Gamay the grape juice is partially fermented at a cold temperature and then the fermentation is arrested by freezing the wine leaving unfermented residual natural sugar. It is then filtered, bottled and rested in bottle for a short while. The resulting nectar is amazing - a flavour full of strawberry and English bon-bon fruit, and just a touch of sweetness perfectly complimented by a touch of crisp acidity with the added bonus of on 10% alcohol. Once tasted always hooked. [read on...]


£11.60  

A B V: 9% Vintage: non-vintag Color: rose Country: France Code: 80313

Made by G Sparkling Red Demi Sec 2010

A delicious yet unusual red sparkling wine produced from 25 year old Gamay vines and a kind of sparkling Beaujolais medium dry red with a touch of sweetness which comes from berries picked at an optimum maturity and then arresting fermentation through temperature control. Mouthwatering crunchy raspberry, black cherry and blueberry fruit with the added bonus of only 9% by volume of alcohol, so you can enjoy that extra glass with pleasure. Serve chilled. [read on...]


£10.80  

A B V: 9% Vintage: 2010 Color: red Country: France Code: 76639

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