Wines By Grape

Wine is usually made from one or more varieties of the European species, Vitis vinifera. When one of these varieties, such as Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, or Merlot, for example, is used as the predominant grape (usually defined by law as a minimum of 75 or 85%) the result is a varietal, as opposed to a blended wine. Blended wines are in no way inferior to varietal wines; indeed, some of the world`s most valued and expensive wines from the Bordeaux, Rioja or Tuscany regions, are a blend of several grape varieties of the same vintage.

Wine can also be made from other species or from hybrids, created by the genetic crossing of two species. Vitis labrusca, Vitis aestivalis, Vitis muscadinia, Vitis rupestris, Vitis rotundifolia and Vitis riparia are native North American grapes, usually grown for eating in fruit form or made into grape juice, jam, or jelly, but sometimes made into wine, eg. Concord wine (Vitis labrusca species). Although generally prohibited by law in traditional wine regions, hybrids are planted in substantial numbers in cool-climate viticultural areas.

Hybrids are not to be confused with the practice of grafting. Most of the world`s vineyards are planted with European vinifera vines that have been grafted onto North American species rootstock. This is common practice because North American grape species are resistant to phylloxera. Grafting is done in every wine-producing country of the World except for Chile and Argentina, which have yet to be exposed to the bug.

The variety of grape(s), aspect (direction of slope), elevation, and topography of the vineyard, type and chemistry of soil, the climate and seasonal conditions under which grapes are grown, the local yeast cultures altogether form the concept of ``terroir.`` The range of possibilities lead to great variety among wine products, which is extended by the fermentation, finishing, and aging processes. Many small producers use growing and production methods that preserve or accentuate the aroma and taste influences of their unique terroir.

However, flavor differences are not desirable for producers of mass-market table wine or other cheaper wines, where consistency is more important. These producers will try to minimize differences in sources of grapes and hide any hint of often-unremarkable ``terroirs``, or of climatically under-performing harvest years, by:


  • blending harvests of various years and vineyards

  • pasteurizing the grape juice in order to kill indigenous yeasts (to be replaced with ``choice`` cultivated yeasts)

  • using flavor additives.



This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Grape wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Ardeche Bastide des Roches 3L

Merlot dominates this fine value easy-drinking quaffable red. Black fruits of muklberries and black cherries on the nose which follow on to the palate to marry perfectly with soft silky tannins offering a well balanced well-rounded flavour. [read on...]


£20.95  

A B V: 13.5% Vintage: non-vintag Color: red Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 77977

Ardeche Sauvignon Chardonnay VDP 3L Box

Harvested Early and at the cool time of the day to preserve freshness and aroma. [read on...]


£20.95  

A B V: 13% Vintage: non-vintag Color: unspecifie Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 63701

Bacharacher Schloss Stahleck Kab Trocken 92 Litre

[read on...]


£4.15  

A B V: 10% Vintage: 1992 Color: Country: Germany Region: Rhine Code: 2338

Beaujolais Village Rouge 2012 Nugues

The 45 year old Gamay vines from which this easy drinking Beaujolais has been produced are surrounded by the Grand /Cru of Morgon, Fleurie and Moulin-a-Vent, with the bonus of the superior Villages appellation. The colour is typical purple robe of Gamay, with aaromas of blackcurrant and strawberry and harmonious flavour wih velvety tannins and a whisper of minerality and hint of spice. [read on...]


£10.85  

A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2012 Color: red Country: France Region: Rhone Code: 80157

Beaujolais Village Rouge 2014 Moliere

The Beaujolais Villages Appellation covers 38 specific superior communes and represents a signifcant step up from the more prolific plain Beaujolais with a more serious style. This vintage shows red cherries, soft red fruits and a touch of banana. [read on...]


£9.75  

A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2014 Color: red Country: France Code: 82624

Beaujolais-Villages Blanc 2010 Nugues

This clasasic white Chardonnay is unoaked. It was left on its 'lees' for 2-3 months to add complexity to its flavour and early bottling ensured that its delicious fresh, youthful fruit was conserved. Intense complex aromas of white and yellow fruits (peaches) follow onto the palate to add to the citrus and white flowers. Full, round and rich, it really is a quality match for fine Burgundy. [read on...]


£9.99  

A B V: 13% Vintage: 2010 Color: red Country: France Code: 76595

Beaune Les Greves 1er Crû 2011

As the saying goes 'all roads lead to Rome but the finest pass through Beaune'! This historic and beautiful town is regarded as the capital of Burgundy and very worthwhile a detour to visit. Their wines are distinguished, complex, intriguing, beguiling and immensely pleasing. This wine from the top 'Les Greves 1er Cru' vineyards encompasses all the very best qualities and expresses the very finest characteristics. The bouquet has nuances of black cherries and blackcurrants and the flavour is full yet distinguished and refined with fine silky tannins. [read on...]


£30.35  

A B V: 13% Vintage: 2011 Color: red Country: France Code: 80130

Beaune-Cent-Vignes,1er Cru 1992 Ch.de Meursault

The vines used to produce this wine are grown oin the top edge of the favoured Feves. It has a bouquet of cooked fruits and plums with spicy undertones and a delicious rich well-rounded mature flavour with the remotest hint of oak. For current drinking. [read on...]


£12.20  

Vintage: 1992 Color: unspecifie Country: France Region: Beaune Code: 41712

Bodega Piedra Negra Pinot Gris 2013

This is 100% Pinot Gris, an extraordinary variety that ripens early and thrives in the Ueo Valley, Mendoza, producing high quality wines. Amazingly it is a red grape vatiety vinified as a white wine! Lurton were the first estate to plant Pinot Gris in Argentina. It has aromas of ripe grapefruit and pineapple. On the palate the flavour is full, rich, concentrate and persistent with a delicious exotic complexity. [read on...]


£9.45  

A B V: 13% Vintage: 2013 Color: white Country: Argentina Code: 79705

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