Wines By Grape

Wine is usually made from one or more varieties of the European species, Vitis vinifera. When one of these varieties, such as Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, or Merlot, for example, is used as the predominant grape (usually defined by law as a minimum of 75 or 85%) the result is a varietal, as opposed to a blended wine. Blended wines are in no way inferior to varietal wines; indeed, some of the world`s most valued and expensive wines from the Bordeaux, Rioja or Tuscany regions, are a blend of several grape varieties of the same vintage.

Wine can also be made from other species or from hybrids, created by the genetic crossing of two species. Vitis labrusca, Vitis aestivalis, Vitis muscadinia, Vitis rupestris, Vitis rotundifolia and Vitis riparia are native North American grapes, usually grown for eating in fruit form or made into grape juice, jam, or jelly, but sometimes made into wine, eg. Concord wine (Vitis labrusca species). Although generally prohibited by law in traditional wine regions, hybrids are planted in substantial numbers in cool-climate viticultural areas.

Hybrids are not to be confused with the practice of grafting. Most of the world`s vineyards are planted with European vinifera vines that have been grafted onto North American species rootstock. This is common practice because North American grape species are resistant to phylloxera. Grafting is done in every wine-producing country of the World except for Chile and Argentina, which have yet to be exposed to the bug.

The variety of grape(s), aspect (direction of slope), elevation, and topography of the vineyard, type and chemistry of soil, the climate and seasonal conditions under which grapes are grown, the local yeast cultures altogether form the concept of ``terroir.`` The range of possibilities lead to great variety among wine products, which is extended by the fermentation, finishing, and aging processes. Many small producers use growing and production methods that preserve or accentuate the aroma and taste influences of their unique terroir.

However, flavor differences are not desirable for producers of mass-market table wine or other cheaper wines, where consistency is more important. These producers will try to minimize differences in sources of grapes and hide any hint of often-unremarkable ``terroirs``, or of climatically under-performing harvest years, by:

  • blending harvests of various years and vineyards

  • pasteurizing the grape juice in order to kill indigenous yeasts (to be replaced with ``choice`` cultivated yeasts)

  • using flavor additives.

This article is based entirely or in part on the Wines By Grape wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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Anjou Blanc Chenin Blanc 2014

A classic Loire Chenin Blanc with a yellow robe, an attractive bouquet of white flowers and white peaches. The flavour is ample with notes of nectarines. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2014 Color: white Country: France Code: 82208

Anjou Villages Generation Rouge 13

Produced from Cabernet Franc this wine has a profound red-ruby robe. The soft aromatic bouquet shows nuances of black fruits with a hint of vanilla. The flavour is juicy dark berry fruit laden making this Loire red in perfect harmony. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2013 Color: red Country: France Region: Loire-Atlantique Code: 82269

Ardeche Bastide des Roches 3L

Merlot dominates this fine value easy-drinking quaffable red. Black fruits of muklberries and black cherries on the nose which follow on to the palate to marry perfectly with soft silky tannins offering a well balanced well-rounded flavour. [read on...]


A B V: 13.5% Vintage: non-vintag Color: red Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 77977

Ardeche Sauvignon Chardonnay VDP 3L Box

Harvested Early and at the cool time of the day to preserve freshness and aroma. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: non-vintag Color: unspecifie Country: France Region: Ardeche Code: 63701

Bacharacher Riesling 1996 Jost Mr

Off dry with a crispness and grapey flavour making it an ideal summers day drink. [read on...]


A B V: 9.5% Vintage: 1996 Color: Country: Germany Region: Rhine Code: 14675

Bacharacher Schloss Stahleck Kab Trocken 92 Litre

[read on...]


A B V: 10% Vintage: 1992 Color: Country: Germany Region: Rhine Code: 2338

Bardolino 2016 Villa Rocca

Light, almost cherry red colour and a fresh bouquet. The flavour is harmonious, vivacious, soft, generous and vinous. A medium weight red from vineyards beside Lake Garda that offers much of what this excellent wine delivers to dispel its 'simple' quality image. [read on...]


A B V: 12% Vintage: 2016 Color: red Country: Italy Region: Veneto Code: 84467

Beaujolais Village Rouge 2012 Nugues

The 45 year old Gamay vines from which this easy drinking Beaujolais has been produced are surrounded by the Grand /Cru of Morgon, Fleurie and Moulin-a-Vent, with the bonus of the superior Villages appellation. The colour is typical purple robe of Gamay, with aaromas of blackcurrant and strawberry and harmonious flavour wih velvety tannins and a whisper of minerality and hint of spice. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2012 Color: red Country: France Region: Rhone Code: 80157

Beaujolais Village Rouge 2013 Moliere

The Beaujolais Villages appellation from 38 specific superior communes represents a signifcant step up in quality from plain Beaujolais with a more serious style. The Gamay grape produces a lighter style red wine showing red cherries, strawberries and banana notes. This is a great example and is the first wine ever to be exported from this small family domaine. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 2013 Color: red Country: France Code: 80183

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