Italy is the oldest wine producing region, and some Italian wines are considered to be among the most prestigious in the world.

Depending on the vintage, Italy is the world`s largest or second largest producer of wine, along with France (each country is generally the source of around 1/5 of the world`s overall production). In 2005, Italy was second globally, producing about 20% of the global production of wine compared to France, which produced 22%.

In 2005, Italy`s share in dollar value of table wine imports into the U.S. was 32%, Australia`s was 24%, and France`s was 20%. Italian and Australian share has rapidly increased in recent years (Ewing & McCarthy).

Most winemaking in Italy is done in modern wineries. But villagers, making wine for their own use, sometimes tread the grapes with their bare feet until the juice is squeezed out. They believe this ancient method still makes the best wine.

As far as generalizations can be made, Italian wines tend to be acidic, dry, light-to-medium bodied, and subdued in flavour and aroma. Because of these characteristics, Italian wines are, in general, a better accompaniment to food than they are beverages to be enjoyed on their own.

Important wine-relevant geographic characteristics of Italy include:

* The extensive lattitudinal range of the country permits wine growing from the Alps in the north to almost within sight of Africa in the south;
* The fact that Italy is a peninsula with a long shoreline, contributing moderating climate to coastal wine regions; and
* The extensive mountains and foothills providing a range of altitudes for grape growing and a variety of climate and soil conditions.

Italy`s 20 wine regions correspond to the 20 political regions. Understanding of Italian wine becomes clearer with an understanding of the differences between each region; their cuisines reflect their indigenous wines, and vice-versa.

Italian wine regions

* Aosta Valley (Valle D`Aosta)
* Piedmont (Piemonte)
* Liguria
* Lombardy (Lombardia)
* Trentino-South Tyrol (Trentino Alto-Adige)
* Friuli-Venezia Giulia
* Veneto
* Emilia-Romagna
* Tuscany (Toscana)
* Marche (Le Marche)
* Umbria
* Latium (Lazio)
* Abruzzi (Abruzzo)
* Molise
* Campania
* Basilicata
* Puglia
* Calabria
* Sicily (Sicilia)
* Sardinia (Sardegna)

Italy\'s Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MIRAF), has documented over 350 grapes and granted them \``authorized\`` status. There are more than 500 other documented varietals in circulation as well.


* The wine had a mention in a popular film The Silence of the Lambs in the catchphrase ``I ate his liver with some fava beans and a nice Chianti.`` (It should be noted that a young wine as Chianti is an exceptional poor choice for eating entrails, in the original novel Lecter named Amarone instead, but that was changed during scriptwriting due to Chianti`s wider fame).
* Chianti is also the name of Discovery Bay Phase 14.

This article is based entirely or in part on the Italy wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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In this category

Cantico Prosecco di Valdobbiadene

Delicious easy drinking dry sparkling wine with a good bubble with crisp fruit. [read on...]


A B V: 11.5% Vintage: -1 Color: Country: Italy Region: Veneto Code: 61539

Chianti Classico I Grotti 2014

Selective grape picking by hand and vinified in the traditional classic method. It has a bright ruby red colour and a warm velvety smooth taste in a quality and style that is compulsively drinkable. [read on...]


A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2014 Color: red Country: Italy Code: 84440

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A B V: 11.5% Vintage: -1 Color: Country: Italy Code: 47177

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A B V: 13% Vintage: 2016 Color: red Country: Italy Region: Marche Code: 84458

Recioto della Valpolicella 2009 50cl

A stunning, rich cherry chocolaty red from Veronain north east Italy. Grapes are picked late in the vintage, starting to turn to raisins. They are further dried on racks for up to 6 months and the wine is made as late as January or February the following year. Fermentation stops early leaving a big, powerfully, raisiny sweet red. [read on...]


Vintage: 2009 Color: red Country: France Code: 77047

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