Bordeaux wine, refers to all wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France. Bordeaux is the second largest wine region in the world with over 284,320 acres under vine, 57 appellations, 9,000 wine-producing châteaux, and 13,000 grape growers (The largest being the Languedoc wine region with 617,750 acres under vine.)

With an annual production of over 700 million bottles, Bordeaux produces large quantities of everyday wine as well as expensive wines. Although the reputation of Bordeaux is based on its few prestigious red wines and the sweet white wines from Sauternes, Bordeaux also produces large quantities of ordinary table wines, including white wines, rosé wines, and a sparkling wine, called Crémant de Bordeaux.

Red Bordeaux, which is traditionally known as claret in the United Kingdom, is generally made from a blend of grapes. Permitted grapes are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec, and Carmenere although the Malbec is very seldom used and Carmenere is now virtually absent in Bordeaux. White Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, and Muscadelle.

The Bordeaux region has an excellent environment for growing vines. The ecological foundation of the region is limestone, meaning that the soil is full of calcium, and the natural paths of the Garonne and the Dordogne irrigate the land. Combined with the oceanic climate, giving humidity to the atmosphere, this creates a desirable environment for grapes to flourish.

The Bordeaux wine region is divided into subregions including Saint-Émilion, Pomerol, Médoc, and Graves. In 1855, a classification system, known as The Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, ranked the wines into five categories according to price. The first growth red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves), are among the most expensive wines in the world, although in wine competitions they tend to be beaten by less expensive wines from various countries in blind taste tests. See, for example, the St. Catharines Wine Tasting of 2005, the Berlin Wine Tasting of 2004 and The Wine Rematch of the Century.

The first growths are:

* Château Lafite-Rothschild
* Château Margaux
* Château Latour
* Château Haut-Brion
* Château Mouton-Rothschild

In 1955, St. Émilion AOC were classified, adding an additional two Premier Crus (Class A):

* Château Ausone
* Château Cheval Blanc

Pomerol has never been officially classified, but its best estates, such Château Pétrus and Château Le Pin, fetch very high prices that often exceed even the prices of the first growths.

Sauternes is a subregion of Graves known for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d\\\'Yquem. The intense sweetness is the result of the grapes being affected by Botrytis cinerea, a fungus that is commonly known as noble rot.

Many critics, including Robert M. Parker, Jr., believe that the 1855 classification is out of date and that a reclassification would be in the interests of consumers. Apart from being out of date, the 1855 classification was based entirely on wine prices. Since 1855, châteaux have bought and sold vineyards; prestigious winemakers have died; and many other important changes have occurred. In 1961, the French government decided to review the classification and delete 17 châteaux. In the end, the proposed reclassification never happened because the government finally yielded to political pressure applied by owners of the affected châteaux, who feared that a demotion would mean that they would need to reduce their prices. Certainly, there are some wines that are not as good as their classification would lead the average consumer to believe, and there are many producers that make excellent wine despite little or no recognition according to the 1855 classification. Nevertheless, it is generally agreed that all the first growths are among the finest wines available.

This article is based entirely or in part on the Bordeaux wikipedia article and is licenced under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation Licence.


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Ch. Guillemin la Gaffeliere Grand Cru 10

The Romans planted vineyards in what was to become Saint Emillion as early as the 2nd century. Saint Emilion wines were not included in th 1855 Bordeaux classification. The first classification was made in 1955. They are generous wines with a deep colour and reach their maturity faster than the other red Bordeaux. This wine is a typical Saint Emilion: it is big, generous with a strong potential for cellaring. Fresh, floral and delicate fruity flavour, beautifully presented in this special blend. Deep purple colour with an amber reflect, superb nose of black cherries, fresh spices and vanilla. In the mouth, rich and powerful with elegant and steady tannins. 62% Merlot, 25% Cabernet Franc, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon and 3% Malbec [read on...]


A B V: 14.5% Vintage: 2010 Color: red Country: France Code: 83554

Chateau Fort de Roquetaillade 2001

A wine made from 50% Sauvignon Blanc and 50% Semillon, intriguingly complex bouquet-blackcurrants and green almonds-and a full fresh floral flavour. Dry. [read on...]


A B V: 12% Vintage: 2001 Color: Country: France Region: Bordeaux Code: 56378

Chateau Larrivet Haut-Brion,Blanc Pessac 1995

A superb white Graves from a fine vintage which was fermented in cask to give an extra dimension to the flavour. The blend is 60% Sauvignon, 35% Semillon and 5% Muscat. 1996 vintage to follow. [read on...]


A B V: 12.5% Vintage: 1995 Color: white Country: France Region: Bordeaux Code: 45657

Château Croix Beausejour Montagne 2010

This vintage follows the excellent 2008 and has turned out to be a truly magnificent year and will continue to give great pleasure until 2020. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2010 Color: red Code: 79870

Château Lafleur du Roy 2009

[read on...]


A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2009 Color: red Country: France Code: 83571

Chateau Les Faures Rouge 2005

The wine from this Château has become a very favourite with customers of ours. This is an excellent vintage producing a classic sincere claret style with fine balance and a very good complexity and flavour for such an inexpensively priced red Bordeaux [read on...]


A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2005 Color: red Country: France Code: 67699

Château Tour de Pez 2009

All the growing conditions were in place for this great vintage. After optimal growing conditions, the harvest was magnificent with each able to reach optimal ripeness. With this vintage you will find amazing freshness, fruit, as well as unctous, silky tannins. we can look forward to a truly outstanding vintage. 47% Babernet Sauvignon, 47% Merlot, 6% Petit Verdot [read on...]


A B V: 13.5% Vintage: 2009 Color: red Country: France Code: 83562

Domaine du Grand Ormeau 2006

This Merlot dominated red Bordeaux received a Gold Medal Vinalies Internationales for excellence. A harmonious wine with a soft supple, velvety texture thanks to the Merlot red brick colour with tawny tints, an open bouquet with fine dark fruit notes and fascinating complex flavour with hints of blueberries, mulberries, mocha and chocolate. [read on...]


A B V: 13% Vintage: 2006 Color: red Code: 72902

Nuits-St-Georges 1er Cr and ucirc: Les Bousselots

Brick red colour. Excellent structure with ripe fruit and soft tannins. For current drinking. [read on...]


Vintage: -1 Color: Country: France Region: Bordeaux Code: 59228

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